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The Diabetic Foot  |




Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome, which is caused by an absolute or relative deficiency in insulin secretion. The result of insulin deficiency is disturbances in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins as well as in the balance of water and electrolytes.

It is important for a patient with diabetes to understand that the first symptoms of vasculopathy are when the leg becomes shiny, smooth, looks swollen, often changes color, e.g. it becomes dark or black and the hair falls out. It is therefore very important for the diabetic to keep his tests  annually for the control and regulation of his sugar (glycosylated  hemoglobin) but also on a daily basis to take care_cc781905-5cde- 3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ glucose levels to avoid  complications.

The first step is proper cleaning, nail care by specialist podiatrists. A small injury or  a wrongly cut nail can create an ulcer that will take 3 to 6 months to heal.














Diabetic foot care

  • Look carefully at your feet every time you take off your shoes and socks for redness or skin lesions. If you see anything worrying, contact your doctor.













  • Never walk barefoot in or out of the house.  Never walk without slippers in the sea or on the beach.

  • When buying a new pair of shoes, be sure to get the right size. He bought new shoes in the afternoon or evening and not in the morning. Wear the new shoes 1-2 hours a day at first. It is better to change shoes once during the day. Always check the inside of the shoes for any foreign bodies before wearing them.

  • It is preferable to use a file for nail care. The free edge of the nails must be horizontal.














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  • Do not smoke.

  • Walk daily.

  • Seek the advice of your podiatrist if you have any concerns about your feet.

  • Do not put your feet in the water for a long time. Test the water temperature first with your hand—preferably your elbow. The temperature should not be higher than 370C.

  • Keep your feet dry after bathing. Carefully wipe the places between the fingers to prevent fungal infections.

  • If the skin of the feet is dry, use a cream for hydration. If your feet sweat excessively, use powder.

  • Never use chemical solutions or pads, scalpel, scissors or other sharp tools to care for your feet.

  • Never put your feet in warmers or near heaters to dry or warm your feet.

  • Make sure you wear the right footwear and when necessary, suitable insoles.







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